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Vertical Farm Systems and its Advantages Nowadays, indoor farming is being adopted by most people as they practice vertical farming techniques. Vertical or indoor farming tends to provide solutions for those people facing food problems especially with the increasing population. Indoor farming mainly uses hydroponics. The medium used in this farming technique is soil-less and it contains sufficient minerals to ensure proper feeding of plants and watering. Light for photosynthesis for plants grown through indoor farming is usually provided through artificial lighting. One major benefit of this technique is that crops that are grown can be harvested throughout the year as they are grown indoors. Growing crops through vertical farming is very beneficial as these crops are usually safe from environmental factors or effects such as flooding or drought. The environment in which crops grow in vertical farming is usually pest and disease-free which is another benefit. Post-harvest spoilage of crops can thus be avoided at all costs. One doesn’t have to use chemicals or pesticides to get rid of pests since there are none. Used warehouses, skyscrapers and shipping containers are the most common places where indoor or vertical farming is carried out. In these facilities, there is environmental control, light control as well as fertigation. Vertical or indoor farming utilizes almost the same techniques as those that are applied in greenhouses when it comes to growth of crops. Harvests in vertical farming are very reliable as one can carry them out throughout the year. Vertical farming uses consistent growing cycles which are very reliable and allow commercial growers to stick to delivery schedules and supply contracts. There are no seasonal crops in this farming technique as well as crop losses. There are no crop losses as environmental factors such as diseases and pests are eliminated. Unlike greenhouses, vertical farm systems produce nearly ten times more growing area for crops. Due to this reason, cost-effective farming installations are used in under-utilized environments such as warehouses, industrial estates and other environments.
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Multiple crop rotations are provided by vertical farming unlike those produced through other farming techniques such as regular farming. Crop cycles in indoor farming are faster since factors such as temperature, humidity and light are controlled. Vertical farming is widely used to grow varieties of crops such as kale, spinach, endives, basil and many more. Advanced technology methods are integrated into this farming technique in order to control the amount of air, water and nutrition for plants. This helps to provide the optimum growing conditions required for the crops to grow and mature.
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Since LED lighting technology is used in this farming technique, there are minimum overhead costs incurred as minimum power is used to ensure maximum plant growth. Minimal labor is required as manpower is only required for planting, harvesting as well as crop packaging while everything else is automated.